Poor Diet Is A Factor In One In Five Deaths

Poor Diet Is A Factor In One In Five Deaths.

The Global Burden of Disease Study is the most comprehensive worldwide observational epidemiological study to date. It describes mortality and morbidity from major diseases, injuries and risk factors to health at global, national and regional levels. Examining trends from 1990 to the present and making comparisons across populations enables understanding of the changing health challenges facing people across the world in the 21st century. Globally, the median health-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) index was 56·7 in 2016 and country-level performance markedly varied, with Singapore (86·8, 95%), Iceland (86·0), and Sweden (85·6) having the highest levels in 2016 and Afghanistan (10·9), the Central African Republic (11·0), and Somalia (11·3) recording the lowest. Between 2000 and 2016, notable improvements in the Universal Health Coverage index were achieved by several countries, including Cambodia, Rwanda, Equatorial Guinea, Laos, Turkey, and China; however, a number of countries, such as Lesotho and the Central African Republic, but also high-income countries, such as the USA, showed minimal gains. Based on projections of past trends, the median number of SDG targets attained in 2030 was five of the 24 defined targets currently measured. Globally, projected target attainment considerably varied by SDG indicator, ranging from more than 60% of countries projected to reach targets for under-5 mortality, neonatal mortality, maternal mortality ratio, and malaria, to less than 5% of countries projected to achieve targets linked to 11 indicator targets, including those for childhood overweight, tuberculosis, and road injury mortality. For several of the health-related SDGs, meeting defined targets hinges upon substantially faster progress than what most countries have achieved in the past. Credit: The Lancet 16 September 2017.

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