Global Emissions Caused By 100 Companies

Global Emissions Caused By 100 Companies.

The Carbon Majors Database was established
in 2013 by Richard Heede of the Climate Accountability Institute (CAI) to show how these emissions are linked 
to companies, or ‘Carbon Majors.’ Now Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) works in collaboration with the CAI to maintain the Database and share its important data and insights with all stakeholders.

This report looks at industrial carbon dioxide and methane emissions deriving from fossil fuel producers in the past, present, and future. In 1988, human-induced climate change was officially recognized through the establishment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Since this time, the fossil fuel industry has doubled its contribution to global warming by emitting as much greenhouse gas in 28 years as in the 237 years between 1988 and the birth of the industrial revolution. Since 1988, more than half of global industrial greenhouse gases (GHGs) can be traced to just 25 corporate and state producers.

In 2015, a fifth of global industrial GHG emissions were backed by publicly listed investment. The scale of emissions signals the importance and potential of investor engagement in the fossil fuel industry. Many oil and gas majors are already developing scenarios to comprehend their potential role in the future energy system. The Carbon Majors Database is also projected out to 2100 to illustrate ‘contraction and convergence’ theory at the company- level. Setting science-based targets is an initial step for companies to take in navigating themselves through this global transition.

This report is aimed at investors wishing to better understand the amount of carbon associated with their fossil fuel holdings. Further, it is intended that this output will improve transparency from fossil fuel companies, particularly around product-related (Scope 3 emissions cover all indirect emissions due to the activities of an organization) emissions, as well as providing them with contextual information regarding their share of global emissions. The Database can also be useful to policy analysts and academics for developing further insights in this area of research.

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