Intolerance Based On Religion, Culture, And Race.
In a WIN/Gallup Poll done in 2016, 62% of people in the world define themselves as religious.
- 74% globally believe we have a soul and 71% believe in God; while 56% believe in heaven, 54% in life after death and 49% in hell.
- There is a connection between religiosity, beliefs and socio-demographic characteristics – such as age, income and education level. In general, as education and income levels grow higher, religiosity levels tend to diminish. On the other hand, the expression of different beliefs is higher among young people.
- The most religious countries are Thailand (98%) and Nigeria (97%), followed by Kosovo, India, Ghana, Papua New Guinea and Ivory Coast (all of them with 94%), Fiji (92%), Armenia (92%) and Philippines (90%). China is the least religious country, where almost 7 out of 10 people are atheists, more than double than any other country, and 23% consider themselves non-religious people.
- As for the different beliefs that were analysed: God, soul, life after death, hell and heaven; the most believing countries are Bangladesh, Indonesia, Ghana, Pakistan and Papua New Guinea.
Levels of religiosity diminish as income and education levels of the interviewees increase. While 66% of people with low income affirm to be religious, this percentage drops to 50% among people with high income. The same trend is verified in relation to education levels: 83% of people with lower education level are religious against 49% of higher level.
On the opposite end, China is the least religious country, 67% claiming to be atheists -over twice the percentage found in any other country- and a further of 23% of Chinese defining themselves as non-religious. Only 9% are religious. Following China among the least religious countries we find Sweden, Czech Republic and United Kingdom with 7 out of 10 people who said to be atheist or non-religious (18% and 55% in Sweden, 25% and 47% in Czech Republic, 11% and 58% in the United Kingdom).
The key purpose of the survey question is not measure racism on its own, neither the filings of cultural and religious superiority. The main interest is to reflect on the internal national balances. It is evident that all those countries which feel stable and not threatened show low levels of religious, cultural or racial superiority. And vice versa. The main factors which stimulate massively spread feelings of superiority in those three fields most probably are:
– sharp internal conflicts and problems;
– sharp external instability and expectation of outside intervention; and
– deep transformation of the society leading to mass feelings of insecurity
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