Places On Earth Where Nature Is Most Likely To Kill You.
The world is full of natural hazards, from volcanoes to floods and storms, but where is the risk to human life greatest? Not all countries or organisations are able to provide adequate resources for disaster mitigation, and even if they did, nature is wholly unpredictable at its worst. Disaster mitigation measures are those that eliminate or reduce the impacts and risks of hazards through proactive measures taken before an emergency or disaster occurs. An all-hazards emergency management approach looks at all potential risks and impacts, natural and human-induced (intentional and non-intentional) to ensure that decisions made to mitigate against one type of risk do not increase our vulnerability to other risks. Its measures may be structural (e.g. flood dikes) or non-structural (e.g. land use zoning). Mitigation activities also incorporate the measurement and assessment of the evolving risk environment. Activities may include the creation of comprehensive, pro-active tools that help decide where to focus funding and efforts in risk reduction. Examples of mitigation measures include:
- Hazard mapping;
- Adoption and enforcement of land use and zoning practices;
- Implementing and enforcing building codes;
- Flood plain mapping;
- Reinforced tornado safe rooms;
- Burying of electrical cables to prevent ice build-up;
- Raising of homes in flood-prone areas;
- Disaster mitigation public awareness programmes; and
- Insurance programmes.
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