Wednesday, 19 September, 2018

Tag: Galaxies

The Lupus Constellation

Lupus is a constellation located in the deep Southern Sky. Its name is Latin for wolf. Lupus was one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy, and it remains one of the 88 modern constellations, although it was previously an asterism associated with the neighbouring constellation Centaurus. Lupus is bordered by six different constellations, although one

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The Libra Constellation

Libra (bottom right edge of the painting of various constellations above) is a constellation of the zodiac. Its name is Latin for weighing scales. It is fairly faint, with no first magnitude stars, and lies between Virgo to the west and Scorpius to the east. Libra is bordered by the head of Serpens to the north, Virgo to the northwest, Hydra to the southwest, the corner

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The Lepus Constellation

Lepus is a constellation lying just south of the celestial equator. Its name is Latin for hare. It is located below—immediately south—of Orion (the hunter), and is represented as a hare being chased by Orion’s hunting dogs. Lepus was one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy, and it remains one of the 88 modern constellations. Lepus

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The Leo Minor Constellation

Leo Minor is a small and faint constellation in the northern celestial hemisphere. Its name is Latin for “the smaller lion,” in contrast to Leo, the larger lion. It lies between the larger and more recognisable Ursa Major to the north and Leo to the south. Leo Minor was not regarded as a separate constellation by classical astronomers;

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The Leo Constellation

Leo is one of the constellations of the zodiac, lying between Cancer the crab to the west and Virgo the maiden to the east. Its name is Latin for lion, and to the ancient Greeks represented the Nemean Lion killed by the mythical Greek hero Heracles (known to the ancient Romans as Hercules) as one of his twelve labours. One of the 48 constellations described by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy, Leo

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The Lacerta Constellation

Lacerta is one of the 88 modern constellations defined by the International Astronomical Union. Its name is Latin for the lizard. A small, faint constellation, it was defined in 1687 by the astronomer Johannes Hevelius. Its brightest stars form a “W” shape similar to that of Cassiopeia, and it is thus sometimes referred to as ‘Little Cassiopeia.’ Lacerta is

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The Indus Constellation

Indus is a constellation in the southern sky created in the late sixteenth century. The constellation was created by Petrus Plancius from the observations of Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman. The first depiction of this constellation in a celestial atlas was in Johann Bayer’s Uranometria of 1603. Plancius portrayed the figure as a nude male with arrows in both

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The Hydrus Constellation

Hydrus is a small constellation in the deep southern sky. It was one of twelve constellations created by Petrus Plancius from the observations of Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman, and it first appeared on a 35-cm (14 in) diameter celestial globe published in late 1597 (or early 1598) in Amsterdam by Plancius and Jodocus Hondius. The

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The Hydra Constellation

Hydra is the largest of the 88 modern constellations, measuring 1303 square degrees. Also one of the longest at over 100 degrees, its southern end abuts Libra and Centaurus, and its northern end borders Cancer. It has a long history, having been included among the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy. It is commonly represented

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The Horologium Constellation

Horologium is a faint constellation in the southern sky. It was devised by French astronomer Nicolas Louis de Lacaille in 1752, and it remains one of the 88 modern constellations. He first described the constellation in French as l’Horloge à pendule & à secondes (clock with pendulum and seconds hand) in 1752, after he had observed and catalogued almost 10,000 southern

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The Hercules Constellation

Hercules is a constellation named after Hercules, the Roman mythological hero adapted from the Greek hero Heracles. Hercules was one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy, and it remains one of the 88 modern constellations today. It is the fifth largest of the modern constellations. It is bordered by Draco to the north; Boötes, Corona Borealis, and Serpens Caput to the east; Ophiuchus to the south; Aquila to

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The Grus Constellation

Grus is a constellation in the southern sky. Its name is Latin for the crane. It is one of twelve constellations conceived by Petrus Plancius from the observations of Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman. Grus first appeared on a 35-cm diameter celestial globe published in 1598 in Amsterdam by Plancius and Jodocus Hondius and was depicted in Johann Bayer’s star atlas Uranometria of 1603. French

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The Gemini Constellation

Gemini is one of the constellations of the zodiac. It was one of the 48 constellations described by the 2nd century AD astronomer Ptolemy, and it remains one of the 88 modern constellations today. Its name is Latin for “twins,” and it is associated with the twins Castor and Pollux in Greek mythology. Gemini lies between Taurus to the west and Cancer to the

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The Fornax Constellation

Fornax is a constellation in the southern sky, partly ringed by the celestial river Eridanus. Its name is Latin for a furnace. It was named by French astronomer Nicolas Louis de Lacaille in 1756. Fornax is one of the 88 modern constellations. The constellation Eridanus borders Fornax to the east, north and south, while Cetus, Sculptor and Phoenix gird

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The Equuleus Constellation

Equuleus is one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy and remains one of the 88 modern constellations. Its name is Latin for ‘little horse,’ a foal. It was It is the second smallest of the modern constellations (after Crux), spanning only 72 square degrees. It is also very faint, having no

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The Dorado Constellation

Dorado is a constellation in the southern sky. It was named in the late 16th century and is now one of the 88 modern constellations. Its name refers to the dolphinfish (Coryphaena hippurus), which is known as dorado in Portuguese, although it has also been depicted as a swordfish. Dorado contains most of the Large Magellanic Cloud, the remainder being

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The Delphinus Constellation

Delphinus is a constellation in the northern sky, close to the celestial equator. Its name is Latin for dolphin. Delphinus was one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy, and it remains among the 88 modern constellations recognised by the International Astronomical Union. It is one of the smaller constellations, ranked 69th in size. It

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The Cygnus Constellation

Cygnus is a northern constellation lying on the plane of the Milky Way, deriving its name from the Latinized Greek word for swan. The swan is one of the most recognisable constellations of the northern summer and autumn, and it features a prominent asterism known as the Northern Cross. Cygnus was among the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy,

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The Crater Constellation

The Crater is a small constellation in the Southern Celestial Hemisphere. Its name means “cup” in Latin. One of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy, it has been associated with the god Apollo and is perched on the back of Hydra, the water snake. Covering 282.4 square degrees and hence 0.685% of the sky, Crater ranks

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