Wednesday, 15 August, 2018

Category: The Brain & Genetics

Facebook Accused Of Abetting Mynamar 's Ethnic Cleansing

Facebook Accused Of Abetting Myanmar ‘s Ethnic Cleansing

UN investigators have said the use of Facebook played a “determining role” in stirring up hatred against Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar. One of the teams probing allegations of genocide in Myanmar said Facebook had “turned into a beast.” About 700,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh since Myanmar’s military launched an operation in

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Humans 2.0

Humans 2.0

Humans 2.0. Bryan Johnson isn’t short of ambition. The founder and CEO of neuroscience company Kernel want “to expand the bounds of human intelligence”. He is planning to do this with neuroprosthetics; brain augmentations that can improve mental function and treat disorders. Put simply, Kernel hopes to place a chip

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Possible Source Of Human Consciousness Located

Possible Source Of Human Consciousness Located

Possible Source Of Human Consciousness Located. Scientists have struggled for millennia to understand human consciousness – the awareness of one’s existence. Despite advances in neuroscience, we still don’t really know where it comes from, and how it arises. But researchers think they might have finally figured out its physical origins, after pinpointing a

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Exploring The Tumour Microenvironment

Exploring The Tumour Microenvironment

Exploring The Tumour Microenvironment. What constitute the tumour microenvironment? Interactions between malignant and non-transformed cells create the tumour microenvironment (TME). The non-malignant cells of the TME have a dynamic and often tumour-promoting function at all stages of carcinogenesis. Intercellular communication is driven by a complex and dynamic network of cytokines,

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What Happens When 500,000 DNAs Are Put Online

What Happens When 500,000 DNAs Are Put Online

What Happens When 500,000 DNAs Are Put Online. UK Biobank was established by the Wellcome Trust medical charity, Medical Research Council, Department of Health, Scottish Government and the Northwest Regional Development Agency. It has also had funding from the Welsh Government, British Heart Foundation, Cancer Research UK and Diabetes UK. UK Biobank is supported by the National Health Service (NHS). UK

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CRISPR On The Cusp Of Eradicating Host Of Diseases

CRISPR On The Cusp Of Eradicating Host Of Diseases

CRISPR On The Cusp Of Eradicating Host Of Diseases. The CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing tool has had a busy year. It recently removed genetic disorders from human embryos, targeted the “command center” of cancer, extracted HIV from a living organism, and forced superbugs to kill themselves. This is all thrilling news, but one of the most exciting potentials for

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Nerve Implant Restores Consciousness To Man In Vegetative State. Patients lying in a vegetative state present severe impairments of consciousness caused by lesions in the cortex, the brainstem, the thalamus and the white matter. There is agreement that this condition may involve disconnections in long-range cortico–cortical and thalamo-cortical pathways. Hence, in the vegetative state cortical activity is ‘deafferented’ from subcortical modulation and/or principally disrupted between fronto-parietal regions. Some patients in a vegetative state recover while others persistently remain in such a state. The neural signature of spontaneous recovery is linked to increased thalamo-cortical activity and improved fronto-parietal functional connectivity. The likelihood of consciousness recovery depends on the extent of brain damage and patients’ etiology, but after one year of unresponsive behavior, chances become low. There is thus a need to explore novel ways of repairing lost consciousness. Here we report beneficial effects of vagus nerve stimulation on consciousness level of a single patient in a vegetative state, including improved behavioral responsiveness and enhanced brain connectivity patterns. Credit: From the paper Restoring Consciousness With Vagus Nerve Stumulation by Martina Corazzol et al., published in Current Biology 25 September 2017. Read Article Here: https://www.theguardian.com/science/2017/sep/25/nerve-implant-restores-consciousness-to-man-in-vegetative-state

Nerve Implant Restores Consciousness To Man In Vegetative State

Nerve Implant Restores Consciousness To Man In Vegetative State. Patients lying in a vegetative state present severe impairments of consciousness caused by lesions in the cortex, the brainstem, the thalamus and the white matter. There is agreement that this condition may involve disconnections in long-range cortico–cortical and thalamo-cortical pathways. Hence, in

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