Palermo is a city of Southern Italy, the capital of both the autonomous region of Sicily and the Metropolitan City of Palermo. The city is noted for its history, culture, architecture and gastronomy; it is over 2,700 years old. Palermo is located in the northwest of the island of Sicily, right by the Gulf of Palermo in the Tyrrhenian Sea. The city was founded in 734 BC by the Phoenicians as Ziz. It then became a possession of Carthage. Two Greek colonies were established, known collectively as Panormos; the town became part of the Roman Republic and Empire for over a thousand years. The population of Palermo urban area is estimated by Eurostat to be 855,285, while its metropolitan area is the fifth most populated in Italy with around 1.2 million people. In the central area, the city has a population of around 676,000 people. The inhabitants are known as Palermitani. The languages spoken by its inhabitants are the Italian language and the Palermitano dialect of the Sicilian language. The city is Sicily’s cultural, economic, and tourism capital. It is a city rich in history, culture, art, music and food: for its good Mediterranean weather, renowned gastronomy and restaurants, its Romanesque, Gothic, and Baroque churches, Gothic and baroque churches, palaces and buildings, and its nightlife and music. Palermo currently has an international airport. It is the UNESCO World Heritage Site for Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalù and Monreale. Credit: Wikipedia.
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