The Cuban funnel-eared bat (Chilonatalus micropus) is a species of bat in the family Natalidae. It is one of two species within the genus Chilonatalus and is found in Colombia, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, and Jamaica. All natalids have large, funnel-shaped ears, with glandular papillae on the surface of the external ear. They also have a short, triangular tragus, which is quite thick, but they lack a true nose leaf. All species in this family, however, have a hairy protuberance on the tip of the snout that resembles a nose leaf. The eyes are not prominent. The oval nostrils are set close together and are located near the margin of the lip. One special characteristic of natalids is a peculiar structure on the face or muzzle of adult males. This structure is commonly known as the “natalid organ.” It is made up of sensory cells, but it could actually be involved in glandular functions. There is not enough known about this structure to comment upon it further, but it seems to be found solely in the Natalidae. All funnel-eared bats have long, slender wings and legs that are quite fragile. The thumbs are also very short, but possess their own flight membranes. In addition, the second finger lacks bony phalanges. The tail is about as long as or longer than the legs and is completely enclosed in the tail membrane, the uroplagium. This species has many special characteristics which set it apart from the others in the family. Chilonatalus micropus is the smallest and most delicate bat in the New World. The lower lip of this species is reflected outward. It also possesses a small, horizontal cutaneous projection on the other side. This structure looks much like a second lower lip. Credit: Wikipedia.
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- 1 John 4:11-12 Tuesday, 19 February, 2019“Dear friends, since God so loved us, we also ought to love one another. No one has ever seen God; but if we love one another, God lives in us and his love is made complete in us.”
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QUOTE OF THE WEEK: One day, in retrospect, the years of struggle will strike you as the most beautiful. Sigmund Freud (1856 – 1939).
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THE HUMAN BRAIN: The brain could be defined as the “manager” that controls and regulates the majority of brain and body functions. From vital functions like breathing, to other functions like hunger, or thirst, and finally to superior functions like reasoning, attention, and memory, the brain is responsible for making sure all of these conscious and subconscious functions are being carried out.
- Watch - Lassa Fever in Nigeria Thursday, 7 February, 2019Nigerian health officials have declared an outbreak of Lassa fever in Nigeria. Travelers to Nigeria should avoid contact with rats, especially rat urine and feces, and keep their accommodations or campsites clean.
- Alert - Yellow Fever in Nigeria Monday, 28 January, 2019A large, ongoing outbreak of yellow fever in Nigeria began in September 2017. The outbreak is now spread throughout the country. Travelers going to Nigeria should receive vaccination against yellow fever at least 10 days before travel and should take steps to prevent mosquito bites while there.
ASTRONOMY PICTURE OF THE DAY: Dragon Aurora over Iceland. Image Credit & Copyright: Jingyi Zhang & Wang Zheng. A huge dragon-shaped aurora developed in the sky over Iceland earlier this month. The aurora was caused by a hole in the Sun’s corona that expelled charged particles into a solar wind that followed a changing interplanetary magnetic field to Earth’s magnetosphere. As some of those particles then struck Earth’s atmosphere, they excited atoms which subsequently emitted light: aurora. No sunspots have appeared on the Sun so far in February, making the multiple days of picturesque auroral activity this month somewhat surprising.
- NASA Tests Urban Drone Traffic Management in Nevada, Texas Tuesday, 19 February, 2019NASA has selected two organizations to host the final phase of its four-year series of increasingly complicated technical demonstrations involving small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS), commonly known as drones.
- Florida Students to Speak with NASA Astronaut Aboard International Space Station Friday, 15 February, 2019University and high school students from Florida will have an opportunity to talk with a NASA astronaut on the International Space Station next week.
- In case you missed it: 3 big stories from our world Tuesday, 19 February, 2019Human Nature shares three stories from the past week that you should know about.Olivia DeSmit
- Valentine’s Day, animal edition: 6 weird ways animals get it on Tuesday, 12 February, 2019From kinky spider bondage to death-inducing foreplay, Human Nature dives into the fascinatingly depraved world of animal mating rituals.Olivia DeSmit
IMAGO DEI: The Ndebele tribe or amaNdebele, one of the smaller ones of the Nguni speaking tribes that migrated to South Africa, were the first Nguni speaking people to move into the interior of the country instead of the coastal areas. The Nguni tribes represent nearly two thirds of South Africa’s Black population and can be divided into four distinct groups; the Central Nguni (the Zulu-speaking peoples), the Southern Nguni (the Xhosa-speaking peoples), the Swazi people from Swaziland and adjacent areas and the Ndebele people of the Northern Province and Mpumalanga.
- Rwanda - Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions Tuesday, 19 February, 2019Exercise normal precautions in Rwanda. If you plan to enter the Democratic Republic of the Congo, read the Democratic Republic of the Congo Travel Advisory. Read the Safety and Security section on the country information page. If you decide to travel to Rwanda: Enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to receive security messages and make it easier […]
- Turkey - Level 3: Reconsider Travel Thursday, 14 February, 2019Reconsider travel to Turkey due to terrorism and arbitrary detentions. Some areas have increased risk. Read the entire Travel Advisory. Do not travel to: Areas near the Syria and Iraq borders due to terrorism. Terrorist groups continue plotting possible attacks in Turkey. Terrorists may attack with little or no warning, targeting tourist locations, transportation hubs, markets/shopping […]
THE FLAG OF PAPUA NEW GUINEA: The flag of Papua New Guinea was adopted on 1 July 1971. In the hoist, it depicts the Southern Cross; in the fly, a raggiana bird-of-paradise is silhouetted. Red and black have long been traditional colours of many Papua New Guinean tribes. The Southern Cross shows that it is a country in the Southern Hemisphere and can be seen in Papua New Guinea.
- Brazil Tuesday, 19 February, 2019Removal of information about a dam that ruptured in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais near the city of Belo Horizonte on 25 JanuaryGOV.UK
- Tunisia Tuesday, 19 February, 2019Latest update: Summary - removal of information about 17 Jan public sector strike; Terrorism section and summary - addition of information on the extension of the state of emergencyGOV.UK
WORK OF ART: Studies of the Foetus in the Womb are two-coloured annotated sketches by Leonardo da Vinci made in around 1511. Da Vinci studied human embryology with the help of anatomist Marcantonio della Torre and saw the foetus within a cadaver. The studies were initially bequeathed to Francesco Melzi. In c. 1582–90 they were bought from his heirs by Pompeo Leoni, and by 1630 they belonged to Thomas Howard, 2nd Earl of Arundel. Since 1690 the studies have been housed in the Royal Collection, United Kingdom.
- I owe you one!You can say "I owe you one!" when someone has done something for you and you'd be happy to return the favour one day.