With multiple crises forcing millions of people away from their homes, United Nations agencies, Governments and partners have launched a set of measures to strengthen protection of internally displaced persons as well as find solutions to address their problems. “Addressing the protection needs of the forcibly displaced and seeking solutions to their plight contribute to greater stability for countries and whole regions,” said Filippo Grandi, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, in a news release announcing the three-year Plan of Action. “The consequences of our failure to resolve internal displacement can be devastating,” he stressed.
The framework, formally called the Plan of Action for Advancing Prevention, Protection and Solutions for Internally Displaced People (2018-2020), calls on all relevant actors to step up efforts to prevent, respond to and resolve internal displacement. It also proposes concrete activities to strengthen the participation of internally displaced persons in decisions concerning them and expand national laws and policies on internal displacement as well as actions to improve data collection and analysis on displacements globally. By the end of 2016, more than 40 million people were displaced within their own countries due to insecurity or rights violations. An additional 24 million were driven from their homes due to disasters. Every year, an estimated 15 million people are also displaced by development projects.
Bold and ambitious steps needed
Given this complex conundrum, “bold and ambitious” steps are needed, underscored Cecilia Jimenez-Damary, the UN Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally displaced persons. “The Plan of Action seeks to galvanise a strategic dialogue, concerted action and adequate resources to address the plight of the internally displaced while engaging them in the decisions that affect them,” added the independent expert. In the same vein, Mark Lowcock, the UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs committed that the Organization will continue to work with affected Governments and displaced persons to ensure that their needs are addressed.
Leave no one behind
“The international community has pledged to leave no one behind,” stressed Mr Lowcock, who is also the UN Emergency Relief Coordinator, noting that this promise must extend to all those displaced. The Plan of Action was drafted under the leadership of the Special Rapporteur, the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees. Its launch coincides with the 20th anniversary of the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, widely accepted as being the global standard for protecting and assisting internally displaced people.
Credit: UN News, Global Perspective Human Stories, 18 April 2018.
Here is the link to the Plan of Action for Advancing Prevention, Protection and Solutions for Internally Displaced People (2018-2020):