The World’s Coldest City.
Yakutsk is the capital city of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located about 450 kilometres (280 mi) south of the Arctic Circle. It has a population of 269,601 (2010 Census). Yakutsk is a major port on the Lena River and is served by the Yakutsk Airport as well as the smaller Magan Airport. It is a major supplier of diamonds. With an average temperature of −8.8 °C (16.2 °F), Yakutsk is the second coldest major city in the world after Norilsk, but Yakutsk sees colder temperatures in the winter. With an extreme subarctic climate, Yakutsk has the coldest winter temperatures for any major city on Earth. Average monthly temperatures in Yakutsk range from +19.5 °C (67.1 °F) in July to −38.6 °C (−37.5 °F) in January and only Norilsk has a lower mean annual temperature for any settlement of over 100,000. Yakutsk is the largest city built on continuous permafrost, and many houses there are built on concrete piles. Although winters are extremely cold and long – Yakutsk has never recorded a temperature above freezing between 10 November and 14 March inclusive – summers are warm (though rather short), with daily maximum temperatures occasionally exceeding +30 °C (86 °F), making the seasonal temperature differences for the region the greatest in the world.
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