How China Chooses Its Most Powerful Leaders.
The Standing Committee of the Central Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China, usually known as the Politburo Standing Committee (PSC), is a committee consisting of the top leadership of the Communist Party of China. Historically it has been composed of five to nine members, and currently has seven members. Its officially mandated purpose is to conduct policy discussions and make decisions on major issues when the Politburo, a larger decision-making body which includes the Politburo Standing Committee, is not in session. According to the party’s constitution, the party’s Central Committee elects the Politburo Standing Committee. In practice, however, analysts believe that new members of the Politburo and its Standing Committee are chosen through a series of deliberations by current Politburo members and retired Politburo Standing Committee members. While the PSC in theory reports to the Politburo, which in turn reports into the larger Central Committee, in practice the PSC acts as the most powerful decision-making body in China, and its decisions de facto have the force of law. The membership of the PSC is strictly ranked in protocol sequence. Historically, the General Secretary or Party Chairman has been ranked first; the rankings of other leaders have varied over time. Since the 1990s, the General Secretary, Premier, Chairman of the National People’s Congress, the Chairman of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, the Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, the party’s top anti-graft body, and the first-ranked Secretary of the Secretariat have consistently also been members of the Politburo Standing Committee. Credit: Wikipedia.
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