Climate Change A Death Sentence In Afghanistan’s Highlands.
Climate change in Afghanistan is not an uncertain, “potential” future risk but a very real, present threat— whose impacts have already been felt by millions of farmers and pastoralists across the country as drought and flood risks have changed over the past thirty years, and the impact this has had on rural livelihoods and food security in the country is critical. The poorest people—particularly subsistence farmers and pastoralists who are often already living on marginal land—are also those who suffer most from climate change. Yet it is difficult to get an overall, national-level understanding of where the impact of climate change on food security and livelihoods are most worrying and need to be addressed most urgently. Climate analyses tend to show which areas have seen—or are expected to see—the biggest change in rainfall, temperature or other physical climate parameters. However, such climate information on its own tells us little about what impact these changes will actually have on poverty and food security —as this depends on what livelihoods people depend on for food and income. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) focused on the four climate hazards which pose the largest risk to livelihoods in Afghanistan: drought caused by reduced spring rainfall, drought caused by declining river flows due to reduced spring-time snowmelt in the highlands, floods caused by increased heavy spring rainfall, and riverine floods caused by heavier and faster upstream snowmelt in the highlands. Credit: UNEP Climate Change In Afghanistan 2017.
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