1,730 New Plants Discovered.
For the temperate climate areas of the world, there have been multiple discoveries made in both China and Turkey. Those from China include species of Rosa (roses), Clematis, Aconitum, Impatiens (busy-lizzies), Primula, Rubus, Thalictrum, Ligularia, Delphinium, Epimedium, Senecio, Spiraea, Sorbus and Ulmus. From Turkey, new species of Viola (violets), Dianthus (pinks and carnations), Gypsophila, Silene (campions), Achillea (millefoils) and Centaurea (knapweeds) were found. In addition, two new Camellia species were found in Vietnam, and a new Meconopsis in Bhutan. A new Matthiola (stock) was discovered in Iran, and nine new Lobelia were discovered, mostly from Mexico. Two Gerbera were discovered in South Africa, a new oak (Quercus meavei) in Mexico, and a new alpine gentian (Gentiana woodii) in Bolivia.
A number of new species of horticultural interest have also been discovered in the tropical forests of South America and South-East Asia. These include a large number of species of orchids (336), and 11 new species of Aspidistra, mainly from forests in Vietnam. Twenty-nine new species of Begonia have been discovered, mainly from forests of Malaysia, while, mainly from Colombia, 10 new species of Passi ora were found. In addition, two new Nepenthes, (carnivorous pitcher plants), from Sulawesi in Indonesia were published. Sixty-six new aroids were published, mainly Philodendron from Ecuador (30 species) but also species of Amorphophallus, Anthurium, Arisaema and the aquarium-cultivated genus Cryptocoryne, from Borneo and Sumatra. From the drier environments of Central and South America, 12 new species of cacti were published, including new species of Rebutia, Echinopsis, Rhipsalis and Gymnocalycium.
These mentioned above are just a few mentioned in Kew Botanical Gardens report State of the World’s Plants 2017. New species of economic importance (food and drink, fodder crops, medicinal plants, timber, herbs and spices) and new country-based novelties (from tropical South America, tropical Asia, continental Africa,and Madagascar) have been separately categorised.
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