Probiotics And What They Do.
This short article by BBC Goodfood is an introduction to the world of probiotics and prebiotics, and how they benefit our physiological system. Very simply, probiotics are live bacteria and yeasts that are good for our health, especially our digestive system. Our bodies are full of bacteria, both the good and the bad varieties, but probiotics are found naturally in our body, and in some foods and supplements. It’s only been since the mid-1990s that people have wanted to know more about probiotics and their health benefits. And because of their newfound fame, they are found in everything from yogurt to chocolate. The most common probiotic is lactobacillus, and it’s the one we will find in yogurt and other fermented foods. Different strains can help with diarrhoea and may also help with people who cannot digest lactose, the sugar in milk. We also find bifidobacterium in some dairy products. It may help ease the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome and some other conditions. Researchers are still trying to figure out which are best for certain health problems. In general, probiotic foods and supplements are thought to be safe for most people, though some people with immune system problems or other serious health conditions should not take them. In some cases, mild side effects might include upset stomach, diarrhoea, gas, and bloating for the first couple of days after you start them. They may also trigger allergic reactions. Stop taking them and talk to your doctor if you have problems.
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