A Criminal Trait In Refusal To Wait.
Time-discounting is the tendency to value something less if you have to wait for it. This study by David Akerlund of the Swedish Institute for Social Research with 13,000 13 year-olds from Stockholm, found that individuals who found distant rewards less rewarding also seemed to find distant threats of punishment less deterring. These young people were followed through over the next 18 years, and after controlling for parental income and education, anti-social behaviours, including criminal acts, were present. The prediction was reinforced when coupled with low intelligence. This supported earlier experiments conducted.
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