Flora In South Africa
South Africa’s large areas of semi-desert scrub and grassland might suggest a certain poverty of plant life. Aside from the fact that a tract of pristine grassland can hold up to 60 grass species, nothing could be further from the truth. Each ecological life zones have distinct environmental conditions and related sets of plant and animal life. Around 10% of the world’s flowering species are found in South Africa, the only country in the world with an entire plant kingdom inside its borders: the Cape Floral Kingdom. While it represents less than 0.5% of the area of Africa, it is home to nearly 20% of the continent’s flora. Also called the Cape Floristic Kingdom, it contains 9,000 species, 69% of them endemic – and 1,435 identified as threatened. It is a World Heritage site and a biodiversity hotspot. The Cape Peninsula alone boasts more plant species than the whole of Great Britain.
Credit: South Africa Info.