Sunday, 18 November, 2018

Tag: Galaxies

The Ophiuchus Constellation

The Ophiuchus Constellation

Ophiuchus is a large constellation straddling the celestial equator. Its name is from the Greek Ὀφιοῦχος Ophioukhos; “serpent-bearer,” and it is commonly represented as a man grasping the snake that is represented by the constellation Serpens; the interposition of his body divides the snake constellation Serpens into two parts, Serpens Caput and Serpens Cauda, which are in modern times taken with

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The Norma Constellation

The Norma Constellation

Norma is a small constellation in the Southern Celestial Hemisphere between Ara and Lupus, one of twelve drawn up in the 18th century by French astronomer Nicolas-Louis de Lacaille. Its name is Latin for normal, referring to a right angle, and is variously considered to represent a rule, a carpenter’s square, a set square or a level. It remains one of the 88 modern constellations.

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The Musca Constellation

The Musca Constellation

  Musca (Latin for “the fly”) is a small constellation in the deep southern sky. It was one of 12 constellations created by Petrus Plancius from the observations of Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman. The first depiction of this constellation in a celestial atlas was in Johann Bayer’s Uranometria of 1603. It was also known as Apis (Latin for “the bee”) for 200 years. Musca remains below

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The Monoceros Constellation

The Monoceros Constellation

Monoceros is a faint constellation on the celestial equator. Its name is Greek for a unicorn. Its definition is attributed to the 17th-century Dutch cartographer Petrus Plancius. Monoceros is the 35th constellation in size, occupying an area of 482 square degrees. It is located in the second quadrant of the northern hemisphere and can be seen

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The Microscopium Constellation

The Microscopium Constellation

Microscopium is a minor constellation in the Southern Celestial Hemisphere, one of twelve created in the 18th century by French astronomer Nicolas Louis de Lacaille and one of several depicting scientific instruments. Its name is a Latinised form of the Greek word for a microscope. Its stars are faint and hardly visible from most of the non-tropical Northern Hemisphere. The constellation is bordered by Capricornus to

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The Mensa Constellation

The Mensa Constellation

Mensa is a constellation in the Southern Celestial Hemisphere near the south celestial pole, one of twelve constellations drawn up in the 18th century by French astronomer Nicolas Louis de Lacaille. Its name is Latin for a table, though it originally depicted Table Mountain and was known as Mons Mensae. One of the 88 modern constellations, it covers a keystone-shaped wedge of sky approximately 153.5 square

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The Lyra Constellation

The Lyra Constellation

Lyra is a small constellation. It is one of 48 listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy and is one of the 88 constellations recognised by the International Astronomical Union. Lyra was often represented on star maps as a vulture or an eagle carrying a lyre and hence is sometimes referred to as Vultur Cadens or Aquila Cadens respectively. Beginning

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The Lynx Constellation

The Lynx Constellation

Lynx is a constellation named after the animal, usually observed in the northern sky. The constellation was introduced in the late 17th century by Johannes Hevelius. It is a faint constellation, with its brightest stars forming a zigzag line. Lynx is bordered by Camelopardalis to the north, Auriga to the west, Gemini to the southwest, Cancer to the south, Leo to the east and

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The Lupus Constellation

The Lupus Constellation

Lupus is a constellation located in the deep Southern Sky. Its name is Latin for wolf. Lupus was one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy, and it remains one of the 88 modern constellations, although it was previously an asterism associated with the neighbouring constellation Centaurus. Lupus is bordered by six different constellations, although one

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The Libra Constellation

The Libra Constellation

Libra (bottom right edge of the painting of various constellations above) is a constellation of the zodiac. Its name is Latin for weighing scales. It is fairly faint, with no first magnitude stars, and lies between Virgo to the west and Scorpius to the east. Libra is bordered by the head of Serpens to the north, Virgo to the northwest, Hydra to the southwest, the corner

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The Lepus Constellation

The Lepus Constellation

Lepus is a constellation lying just south of the celestial equator. Its name is Latin for hare. It is located below—immediately south—of Orion (the hunter), and is represented as a hare being chased by Orion’s hunting dogs. Lepus was one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy, and it remains one of the 88 modern constellations. Lepus

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The Leo Minor Constellation

The Leo Minor Constellation

Leo Minor is a small and faint constellation in the northern celestial hemisphere. Its name is Latin for “the smaller lion,” in contrast to Leo, the larger lion. It lies between the larger and more recognisable Ursa Major to the north and Leo to the south. Leo Minor was not regarded as a separate constellation by classical astronomers;

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The Leo Constellation

The Leo Constellation

Leo is one of the constellations of the zodiac, lying between Cancer the crab to the west and Virgo the maiden to the east. Its name is Latin for lion, and to the ancient Greeks represented the Nemean Lion killed by the mythical Greek hero Heracles (known to the ancient Romans as Hercules) as one of his twelve labours. One of the 48 constellations described by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy, Leo

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The Lacerta Constellation

The Lacerta Constellation

Lacerta is one of the 88 modern constellations defined by the International Astronomical Union. Its name is Latin for the lizard. A small, faint constellation, it was defined in 1687 by the astronomer Johannes Hevelius. Its brightest stars form a “W” shape similar to that of Cassiopeia, and it is thus sometimes referred to as ‘Little Cassiopeia.’ Lacerta is

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The Indus Constellation

The Indus Constellation

Indus is a constellation in the southern sky created in the late sixteenth century. The constellation was created by Petrus Plancius from the observations of Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman. The first depiction of this constellation in a celestial atlas was in Johann Bayer’s Uranometria of 1603. Plancius portrayed the figure as a nude male with arrows in both

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The Hydrus Constellation

The Hydrus Constellation

Hydrus is a small constellation in the deep southern sky. It was one of twelve constellations created by Petrus Plancius from the observations of Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman, and it first appeared on a 35-cm (14 in) diameter celestial globe published in late 1597 (or early 1598) in Amsterdam by Plancius and Jodocus Hondius. The

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The Hydra Constellation

The Hydra Constellation

Hydra is the largest of the 88 modern constellations, measuring 1303 square degrees. Also one of the longest at over 100 degrees, its southern end abuts Libra and Centaurus, and its northern end borders Cancer. It has a long history, having been included among the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy. It is commonly represented

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