Marseille is the second-largest city of France. The main city of the historical province of Provence. Today, it is the capital of the department of Bouches-du-Rhone and region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur. It is located on France’s south coast, covering an area of 241 km2 (93 sq mi) and had a population of 852,516 in 1012. Known to the ancient Greeks and Romans as Massalia, Marseille was an important European trading centre and remains the main commercial port of the French Republic. It is now France’s largest city on the Mediterranean coast and the largest port for commerce, freight and cruise ships. The city was European Capital of Culture in 2013 and European Capital of Sport in 2017; it hosted matches at the 1998 World Cup and Euro 2016. It is home to Aix-Marseille University. With its beaches, history, architecture and culture (24 museums and 42 theatres), Marseille is one of the most visited cities in France. Marseille is a city that has its own unique culture and is proud of its differences from the rest of France. Today it is a regional centre for culture and entertainment with an important opera house, historical and maritime museums, five art galleries and numerous cinemas, clubs, bars and restaurants.
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