Surabaya is a port city and the capital of East Java province of Indonesia. It is one of the earliest port cities in Southeast Asia. Located on north-eastern Java on the Madura Strait, it is the second largest city in Indonesia. The city had a population over 2.7 million in the 2010 census, approximately 6.5 million in the Greater Surabaya metropolitan area, and the extended metropolitan area Gerbangkertosusila is home for more than 10 million inhabitants. In the 18th and 19th centuries, Surabaya was the largest city in the Dutch East Indies, larger than Batavia (present day Jakarta) and the centre of trading in the nation, which was then a competitor of Shanghai and Hong Kong. Today the city remains one of the important financial hubs of the Indonesian archipelago, arguably second only to Jakarta, and the Port of Tanjung Perak is Indonesia’s second busiest seaport.
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