Is Addiction A Disease?
The sufferer and their families due to society’s stigmatization of the illness usually keep addiction under wraps. This article by Matthew Loftus for Christianity Today gives us a balanced profile of the disease from the moral, social, biological and spiritual perspectives. Addiction covers a multitude of modes that include substances and/or activity that are characterized by compulsive engagement in rewarding stimuli despite adverse consequences. The two properties that distinguish all addictive stimuli are that they are reinforcing (i.e., they increase the likelihood that a person will seek repeated exposure to them) and they are also intrinsically rewarding (i.e., perceived as being positive or desirable). Common addictive stimuli are drug, gambling, sex, pornography, shopping, food, exercise, video gaming, risky behaviours, fetishes and others more exotic varieties.
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