Cyclamen is a genus of 23 species of perennial flowering plants in the family Primulaceae. They are native to Europe and the Mediterranean Basin east to Iran, with one specie in Somalia. They grow from tubers and are valued for their flowers with upswept petals and variably patterned leaves. In most species, leaves come up in autumn, grow through the winter, and then die in spring, then the plant goes dormant through the dry Mediterranean summer. Petal colour may be white, pink, or purple, often with darker colour on the nose. Many species have a pink form and a white form, but a few have only one colour, such as Cyclamen balearicum, which is always white. The flower stem coils or bends when the fruit begins to form. The fruit is a round pod that opens by several flaps or teeth at maturity and contains numerous sticky seeds, brown at maturity.